userver: API and ABI stability, versioning
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API and ABI stability, versioning

Userver is used by hundreds of microservices only in our code base. Manual application of modifications to the whole code-base is a burden.

Rule of the thumb: we endeavor to change things only if the migration path is simple or there is a script to automate it.


Userver follows the classical three-part versioning:


Example: 1.0.0

API stability

API does not change between minor and patch version changes.

Note that framework internals located in *::impl::* and *::detail::* namespaces have no stability guarantees. You should not use those in your code directly.


Transitive includes could not be relied on. Even a change in patch version could remove some #include from header and break code that relies on transitive includes. However, we provide script ./scripts/ that helps to add missing includes in big code bases.

Avoid adding your own forward declarations for the framework types as the type could change to an alias or vice versa during the userver development process.

ABI stability

Userver is meant for usage mostly as a static library that is linked with the application. Because of that userver has no Application Binary Interface (ABI) stability guarantees. While the API is kept stable, binary interface may change even on patch version change.

However, you could redefine cmake options USERVER_NAMESPACE, USERVER_NAMESPACE_BEGIN and USERVER_NAMESPACE_END to place all the entities of the userver into versioned inline namespace. That would to allow you mixing different versions of userver in a single binary without ODR-violations.